Understanding the Varieties of Cryptocurrency

When Bitcoin was first introduced in 2009, it faced little if any competition in the nascent digital currency market. New varieties of cryptocurrencies began to appear by 2011, as rivals used the blockchain technology that Bitcoin was founded on to build their own platforms and currencies. The rush to generate more crypto began all of a sudden. There are dozens of different varieties of cryptocurrencies available today, and each is meant to give a unique feature or function.

The Majority Of Them Are Based On The Same Concepts As Bitcoin:

  • A central authority such as a bank does not issue, regulate, or endorse cryptocurrency.
  • Peer-to-peer review and a distributed ledger (blockchain) are used to construct them.
  • Cryptography is a sophisticated computer code that is used to encrypt (secure) Bitcoin and other currencies.
  • Cryptocurrencies are often held as assets in digital wallets, such as a blockchain wallet, which enable users to manage and exchange their coins.
  • Estimates of the various types of cryptocurrency available for trading as of Sep-2021 range from 6k to over 10k coins, with a total market capitalization of about $2 trillion.

What Kinds of Cryptocurrencies Are There?

  • Different Forms of Crypto Can Be Classified Into One of Two Groups:
  • Bitcoin and other altcoins are examples of coinage (non-Bitcoin cryptocurrencies)
  • Tokens are programmable assets that exist on the blockchain of a network.
  • Although certain people use the terms crypto, coins, and tokens interchangeably, it’s crucial to grasp how they vary in order to obtain a fundamental knowledge of cryptocurrencies.


According to CoinMarketCap as of 9/14/21, the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization are shown below. Because there are so many virtual currencies with such a wide range of prices, market capitalization aids in identifying those with the most value. It’s worth noting that the blockchain platform’s name could not be the same as the digital currency’s.

1. Bitcoin

In 2009, a person (or maybe a group) known as Satoshi Nakamoto invented Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency. As previously stated, as of September 2021, there were more than 18.8 million Bitcoin tokens in circulation, compared to a maximum of 21 million.

Bitcoin was created with the intention of being self-contained and unaffected by the actions of any government or central bank. Instead, it depends on blockchain technology, which is a decentralized public ledger that keeps track of every Bitcoin transaction. Bitcoin created the cryptography and consensus (i.e., peer-to-peer) verification method that is now the cornerstone of most types of encryption.

Bitcoin miners utilize powerful computers to validate blocks of transactions and produce new bitcoins, a process known as proof-of-work that is sophisticated and time-consuming (PoW). The transactions are permanently recorded on the blockchain, which aids in the validation and security of individual bitcoins as well as the network as a whole. The massive amount of energy needed to manufacture Bitcoin has recently sparked environmental concerns.

2. Ethereum (ETH)

Ethereum, like Bitcoin, is a blockchain network, but it was built as a programmable blockchain, which means it wasn’t built to support a currency, but to allow users to develop, publish, monetize, and utilize decentralized apps (dApps). Ether (ETH), the native Ethereum currency, was designed as a payment option on the Ethereum blockchain. Ether was the second most popular virtual currency in September 2021, after only Bitcoin. A proof-of-work method is also used to produce ETH. Unlike Bitcoin, however, there is no limit on how many ETHs may be generated.

Because several ICOs utilized the Ethereum blockchain, Ethereum has aided in the growth of many initial coin offerings. Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) – digital representations of art or collectibles connected to a blockchain and manufactured one-of-a-kind — have exploded in popularity as a result of Ethereum’s success.

3. Cardano (ADA)

Cardano advertises itself as a third-generation blockchain platform in order to position itself as a serious contender. Cardano uses proof-of-stake (PoS), which eliminates the need for sophisticated PoW computations and significant power consumption required for mining currencies like Bitcoin, possibly making its network more efficient and sustainable. ADA is the name of Cardano’s cryptocurrency, which is named after Ada Lovelace, a 19th-century mathematician. Cardano’s main applications are identity administration and traceability. The first application may be used to automate data collecting from numerous sources. The latter can be used to audit the production path of a product and perhaps prevent fraud and counterfeit items.

Cardano is being built in five stages to reach its goal of transforming the network into a platform for distributed applications (dApps) with a multi-asset ledger and verified sensible contracts. Each stage, or era, of the Cardano roadmap, is supported by the project’s research-based architecture and peer-reviewed conclusions, which have led to the project’s famous reputation.

4. Binance Coin (BNB)

Binance is one of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges, and Binance Coin (BNB) is a cryptocurrency token designed to be used as a medium of exchange on Binance. It was originally created on the Ethereum blockchain, but currently resides on Binance’s own blockchain platform.

BNB was developed in 2017 as a utility token that allowed traders to obtain savings on Binance trading costs, but it can now also be used for payments, booking travel, entertainment, online services, and even financial services.BNB was launched with a maximum of 200 million tokens, almost half of which were made accessible to investors during its initial coin offering (ICO).

5. Tethering

Tether was the first cryptocurrency to be touted as a “stablecoin” – a type of cryptocurrency that is backed by fiat cash. A fiat currency, in this case, the US dollar, determines the tether’s value.

Tether, like other stablecoins, is meant to provide users with stability, transparency, and cheaper transaction fees. Tether, unlike several cryptocurrencies, is not a speculative investment; Investors looking to avoid the crypto market’s extreme volatility may find it useful. Tethers accounted for 57 percent of the bitcoin trade as of February 2021.

Tether is a cryptocurrency that is tied to the US dollar (thus the symbol USDT), and it claims to have a 1:1 value with the US dollar, however, this claim has been questioned. Tether, Ltd., according to the firm, does not guarantee any tether redemption; that is, tethers cannot be traded for US dollars.

6. Solana is a Blockchain Marketplace

The Sol coin is produced by Solana, a blockchain marketplace. On Sept 10, 2021, the Sol, one of the world’s most volatile currencies in current years, was trading at over $191.00, up from $3.42 a year earlier. What is the reason for its growing prominence in the cryptosphere?

Solana has made significant progress in decentralized finance (also known as Devi) and, in particular, smart contract technology. Which are applications that execute on the platform based on predetermined parameters? Solana issued the “Degenerate Ape Academy,” a non-transferable token, in Aug 2021. (NFT).

7. XRP

The business that invented XRP is Ripple Labs, Inc. While some individuals confuse the names XRP and Ripple, they are not interchangeable. Ripple’s worldwide money transfer network is run by a financial services business. XRP is a cryptocurrency designed exclusively for usage on the Ripple protocol. XRP can be purchased as an investment, a coin to trade for other cryptocurrencies, or a means to fund Ripple transactions.

Unlike Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies, XRP cannot be mined; instead, it has a finite supply of 100 billion units. Furthermore, unlike Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, XRP does not rely on a complicated digital verification procedure based on blockchain. The Ripple network has a one-of-a-kind transaction validation method in which participating nodes conduct a poll to validate transactions. XRP transfers are thus quicker and less expensive than Bitcoin transactions.

8. The Most Well-Known Cryptocurrency Is Dogecoin

Dogecoin (pronounced doh-coin) is widely regarded as the first joke cryptocurrency, having been created in 2013 to mock Bitcoin. Despite this, the currency drew a lot of interest and money. Elon Musk expressed support for Dogecoin in a tweet in April of 2019, raising Dogecoin’s image as a real cryptocurrency even more.

Dogecoin is a cryptocurrency that, like Bitcoin and Ethereum, is based on a blockchain network and uses a proof-of-work (PoW) method. However, there is no limit to how many coins may be mined (versus the 21 million-coin cap on Bitcoin). Investors paid roughly $30,000 in Dogecoin to assist send the Jamaican bobsled squad to the Winter Olympics in 2014. Despite being one of the most valuable currencies in terms of market capitalization, it trades for one of the lowest prices: around 24 cents as of September 10, 2021.

9. Polkadots(DOT)

Polkadot was developed by Gavin Wood, who was also a co-founder of Ethereum, in order to expand the possibilities of a blockchain network. Dot is the name of the cryptocurrency used on the blockchain.

Polkadot stands apart from other blockchains because of its objective to tackle the problem of blockchain interoperability by constructing so-called blockchain bridges. Polkadot isn’t the only system attempting to function as a translator to connect blockchains, but it has grown quickly since its inception in 2020.

10. USD (USDC)

USD Coin (USDC) is a stablecoin that works on various blockchains, including Ethereum and others. The currency is linked to the US dollar. A USDC is worth one U.S. dollar, just as the stablecoin tether (USDT) described above — the guaranteed 1:1 ratio makes it a stable method of trade. The purpose of a stablecoin like USDC is to make transactions easier and less expensive.

While there are doubts about whether the tether stablecoin is fully backed by US dollar reserves, some investors feel USDC is more transparent since its reserves are overseen by Grant Thornton, LLC, a global accounting company based in the United States. Visa announced the adoption of USDC to settle transactions on its payment network on March 29, 2021. There were 24.1 billion USDC in circulation as of June 2021.

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